Share news japan。 Japan's Top Court Upholds Ruling Forcing Couples to Share a Last Name

The United Nations Committee for the Elimination of Discrimination against Women has also recommended that Japan change the system. Related coverage: Jun 23, 2021. But the party's working group set up earlier this year to seek common ground last week gave up on drafting a specific proposal ahead of a House of Representatives election to be held later this year. The underperformers among the Topix 30 were SoftBank Group, followed by Nidec losing 2. The Tokyo High Court turned down their appeals in 2020. But among 15 justices, the five, including all three women, said prohibiting separate surnames was unconstitutional, citing the disadvantages of changing a name. Article 750 of the Civil Code stipulates "a husband and wife shall adopt the surname of the husband or wife in accordance with that which is decided at the time of marriage. Japan's tech shares fell tracking Nasdaq's decline on Friday, with Nikkei heavyweight SoftBank Group down 2. A this year suggests the times have changed, and the law is what is holding people back. This mandate has resulted in an overwhelming 96% of Japanese women adopting their husband's surname after marriage, per a study conducted by the In principle, a husband can take his wife's name, but only 4% of married men chose to do so in , according to numbers from Japan's Gender Equality Bureau. The decision handed down by Presiding Justice Naoto Otani at the Supreme Court's Grand Bench, composed of all 15 justices, came at a time when families have become more diverse, and public opinion on surname sharing has shifted in Japan. Among the 15 justices, four said prohibiting separate surnames was unconstitutional, compared with five who expressed the same view in the 2015 ruling. The three couples, all in common-law relationships, had appealed to the Supreme Court after the Tokyo Family Court and its Tachikawa branch dismissed their requests to legally marry while keeping their separate surnames in 2019. Both those against and in favor of the change have formed groups to push discussions further. Reporting by Junko Fujita; Editing by Amy Caren Daniel and Shailesh Kuber. Although the 2015 ruling called for discussions in parliament, they have not progressed much as members of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party are sharply divided over the issue. Kyodo Critics say the provision originating from the 1898 Civil Code reflects the traditional concept of marriage as an arrangement involving families rather than individuals. A Kyodo News survey conducted in March and April showed 60 percent of respondents in Japan said married couples should be able to have separate surnames, while 38 percent said they are against the idea. Conservatives who seek to maintain traditional values are opposed to allowing couples to choose separate surnames, arguing the move may impact family unity and children. Japan's top court on Wednesday again ruled legal provisions forcing married couples to use the same surname are constitutional, upholding a Supreme Court judgment from 2015. TOKYO, July 9 Reuters - Japanese shares fell to a near eight-week low on Friday, on worries over a slowing economic recovery after the country declared a COVID-19 emergency, but losses were trimmed on hopes that the Bank of Japan might have stepped in to support the market. Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsunobu Kato said at a press conference Wednesday the government will continue to study the issue, as stipulated in the promotion policy, based on the ruling and considering public opinion and discussions in parliament. The three couples claimed in their 2018 filing that not being able to keep separate surnames was a violation of their constitutional rights after local government offices rejected their marriage registrations filed with distinct last names. The court acknowledged individuals who change their surnames, in most cases women, could "feel their identities lost" and face other disadvantages in terms of social credibility, but said people are not forbidden to go by their maiden names in the current system. Listing Last Change Volume 3103:TYO 352. Yuko Miyazaki and Katsuya Uga, two of the four justices, wrote in the ruling that it is an unjust "intervention by the state not to allow legal marriages unless couples accept the same surname, even if they do not wish to. Usually, a woman left her family to become part of her husband's family. Restaurant operator Global-Dining edged up 0. Declines were led by machinery makers, which fell 1. Many companies and public offices in Japan now allow female employees to retain their maiden names at work. Defense attorney Fujiko Sakakibara, one of the lawyers representing the couples, told NHK: "It's a shame. Opposition figure Jun Azumi has vowed to take up the matter during the next election, calling the court's decision "outdated," per a report by the. The Nikkei share average fell 0. Japan on Thursday declared emergency measures in Tokyo that will run throughout the Olympics, forcing the organisers to hold the Games without spectators. The family register law stipulates a couple must determine a shared surname to have their marriage registration accepted. This unsuccessful legal challenge was the latest attempt by Japanese people to challenge the law. Per , some women do continue to use their birth names in the workplace, but the conflict between their legal names and professional identities can cause administrative confusion. One of the women involved in the case 2nd from L speaks to reporters in Tokyo on June 23, 2021, after Japan's Supreme Court ruled again that legal provisions forcing married couples to use the same surname are constitutional. E-commerce firm Rakuten surged 24 per cent after announcing a capital tie-up with postal giant Japan Post Holdings, making it the biggest gainer in the Nikkei. The ruling said the top court has "found no points that should be changed from the decision in 2015, even as it takes into account the changes in the society and awareness among people," such as the increase in working women and more people in favor of allowing different surnames. The 2015 top court ruling said the practice of using the same surname was "well-established in society," and there is no gender inequality in the system. The government has been slowly expanding the scope of official documents used for identification that show maiden names in addition to registered surnames. Japan's highest court has upheld a 19th-century law that forces couples to share the same last name. Economy Minister Yasutoshi Nishimura said on Thursday he would ask banks to share information on restaurants that refuse to respond to requests to follow anti-COVID-19 curbs. In 2019, 96 percent of couples who registered their marriage in Japan chose the husband's surname, according to government data. Japan is the only country in the world known for having a law forcing married couples to share a surname, according to the Justice Ministry. Another woman said at a press conference, "The ruling did not take individual rights into consideration properly," while her common-law husband said, "It is our generation's role to enable people to choose between the same or different surnames. A bench of 15 justices at the Japanese supreme court rejected a petition from three Tokyo couples, who requested that they be allowed to keep their own surnames even after they get married. Jun Azumi, the Diet affairs chief of the main opposition Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan, called the top court decision "outdated" and told reporters his party will promise voters during the next lower house election to "respond to the matter in a manner fitting with the times. Japanese transport and materials stocks advanced. Global-Dining earlier this year had filed a lawsuit against the Tokyo government claiming its order to close restaurants was illegal and not based on scientific evidence. The latest decision on a more than century-old provision based on the Civil Code and the family register law dismissed requests filed by three couples in 2018 to keep their separate surnames after local governments refused to accept their marriage registrations. TOKYO: Japanese shares inched higher on Monday as optimism around the passage of a massive U. Japan is the only country in the world to have such a ruling in its civil code, which stipulates that couples must choose at the time of marriage to adopt one surname, according to Japan's The , based on the Japanese tradition of a woman leaving her own family to marry into her husband's. In particular, the content does not constitute any form of advice, recommendation, representation, endorsement or arrangement by FT and is not intended to be relied upon by users in making or refraining from making any specific investment or other decisions. Around 60% of the 3,000 people aged 18 and above that the news organization polled said couples should be able to have separate surnames. The couples, who asked not to be named, voiced disappointment and frustration after Wednesday's ruling. The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose to its fifth consecutive record high on Friday as the U.
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